From the very beginning, for the competition it was allocated not only function of market regulation, but also the stimulating role. In other words, it was considered as a factor of development, improvement of production and quality of the made commodity weight. Though fiziokrata, based on the theory of a natural order, did not consider merchants and industrialists as a productive class, A. Smith overcame this limitation, as allowed classics to expand "functionality" of the competition, having given it a role of productive force and a factor of the social development or progress understood since growth of public welfare.
If the monopoly is focused on domestic market, the increase in prices for its production reduces overall effectiveness of a domestic production. Even in case of decrease in the production costs accompanying monopolization process in overwhelming number of cases it becomes the evil and the state has to find forms of its neutralization.
on the basis of these capacities the competitive types of industrial equipment, technologies possessing not only by high efficiency (reliability, productivity), but also rather cheap have to be created to provide domestic market, and whenever possible, to take root and on foreign markets;
Let's designate Qi i power - the converter. It is defined by quantity of production of i – the name which can be made on it. If it is concentrated on one enterprise, that is exclusive production takes place, and it belongs to any links, communication between Qo and Qi is defined by the coefficient of material inputs designated by ai. The coefficient of ai characterizes expenses of production of i - the converter on unit of end products and is an expensive standard indicator. The optimum volume of a final (target) product is equal to Qo. Therefore, the optimum need for production of i - productions is defined from equality of Qo = by Qi * ai. If i-oye transformation includes some enterprises, their total power of Qi is equal to Qij, where to Qij - limit opportunities of j - the enterprises for sales of products of i - oh the count's tops. It is natural that summation is carried out on j. So, two factors define type of the market relations: concentration of capacities of i-go of the converter (one, two, set of the enterprises) and ratios of capacities of Qo and Qi. Their various combinations are also subject to the analysis.
that is, it shows, on costs if the volume of release increases on one physical unit of production how many will change. It is clear, that for a case marginal costs will be constant, if Q
The market of the imperfect competition is really real market which structure developed currently as a result of technical progress and those large-scale effects about which it was told above. However the imperfect competition takes various forms. In the most general case their three:
Limitation of financial resources and interindustry nature of the structural transformations which are carried out at the macro and micro levels do necessary vydele6niya these or those stages of restructuring. Definition of a stage in itself and its practical implementation represents a complex scientific problem. The author faced that, as in domestic, and in foreign literature there are no concepts, characteristic for this problem. Trying to solve it, the author came to a conclusion about need of formalization of the problem connected with definition of a stage of structural changes that demanded development of the corresponding conceptual framework. The first step in this direction is exarticulation from a common problem of structural reforms of certain units of organizational and economic transformations.
Further the factors determining terms and rates of structural changes are noted. It, first, macroeconomic conditions, secondly, ensuring high level of accumulation and their transformation in investments, increase of their efficiency, thirdly, is support of effective sector and acceleration of processes of rejection of outdated, impractical productions, at last, it is supposed to carry out institutional transformations, removing barriers on the way of growth.